18-04-2023  14:30
IASF - Sala EXPO e Stanza virtuale a questo link https://meet.google.com/wwp-prxt-xdz
Prof. Cesare Chiosi - Universita' degli Studi di Padova

We have recently suggested that the combination of the scalar virial theorem (M_s ∝ R_eσ^2) and the L = L′_0σ^β law, with L′_0 and β changing from galaxy to galaxy (and with time), can provide a new set of equations valid for investigating the evolution of early-type galaxies (D’Onofrio & Chiosi 2022). These equations are able to account for the tilt of the Fundamental Plane and to explain the observed distributions of early-type galaxies in all its projections. 

We analyze the advantages offered by those equations, derive the β and L′_0 parameters for real and simulated galaxies, and demonstrate that, according to the value of β, galaxies can move only along some permitted directions in the fundamental plane projections. Then, we show that simple galaxy models that grow in mass by infall of gas and form stars with a star formation rate depending on the stellar velocity dispersion nicely reproduce the observed distributions of early-type galaxies in the Fundamental Plane projections and yield βs that agree with the measured ones. 

We derive the mutual relationships among the stellar mass, effective radius, velocity dispersion, and luminosity of early type galaxies as a function of β and calculate the coefficients of the Fundamental Plane. Then, using the simple infall models, we show that the star formation history of early-type galaxies is compatible with the σ-dependent star formation rate, and that both positive and negative values of β are possible in a standard theory of galaxy evolution.

The parameter β(t) offers a new view of the evolution of early-type galaxies. In brief, i) it gives a coherent interpretation of the Fundamental Plane and of the motions of galaxies in its projections; ii) it is the fingerprint of their evolution; iii) it measures the degree of virialization of early-type galaxies; iv) and finally it allows us to infer their evolution in the near past.

Scaling Relations: a new framework for understanding the evolution of early-type galaxies
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