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IASF Milano

Prof. G. Occhialini IASF Milano, formely IASF-MI, the Milan Section of the Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, and before 2002 IFCTR (Istituto di Fisica Cosmica e Tecnologie Relative), founded by the late Prof. G. Occhialini, is a research structure of INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica). IASF Milano has a staff of 23 researchers, and 8 technicians and administrative officers, and hosts about as many associates, post-docs, Ph.D. and undergraduate students.

IASF Milano is active in the study of the universe through observations from space and ground-based observatories, at wavelengths ranging from radio to near-infrared, visible, UV, X- and γ-rays.


Research Projects

Scientific Themes

Observational Cosmology

This research activity is focused on understanding the evolution of galaxies from the assembly epoch to present time. It is primarily based on the analysis of multi-wavelength spectro-photometric data from large galaxy samples, like those observed as part of the VVDS, COSMOS and VIPERS surveys. We also develop new data analysis tools, as part of the Astronomical Software group. [...]

Cosmic Microwave Background

Mapping the anisotropies of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB), the relic radiation from the Big Bang, is a powerful probe of the Universe's birth and evolution. Planck, the ESA satellite launched in May 2009, is imaging the CMB over the whole sky with an unprecedented combination of sensitivity, angular resolution and frequency coverage. It gives a picture of the CMB temperature fluctuation with an accuracy set by fundamental astrophysical limits. Moreover, Planck data are essential to understand different microwave astrophysical processes. [...]

X-ray clusters

Our group has been active for more than a decade now. Our primary interest is in the physics of the ICM in Groups and Clusters and in the use of these astrophysical systems for cosmological applications. [...]

Gamma-ray Bursts

The main objectives of this group are: a) to provide the rapid localizations of GRBs detected by INTEGRAL/IBAS ; b) to study the properties of long GRBs by means of a complete sample of bursts detected by Swift; c) to use the GRBs as probes of the dust distribution in our Galaxy [...]

Isolated Neutron Stars

Multiwavelength studies of isolated neutron stars (INSs) in order to understand the physical processes at the base of their emission and to build up a consistent evolutionary scenario of the different populations. [...]

X-ray Binary Systems

Study of the physical processes at work in High Mass and Low Mass X-ray Binary systems (HMXRBs and LMXRBs) powered by accretion. [...]

The EXTraS project

The most complete and sensitive characterisation of variability in the soft X-ray sky ever performed. A project funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme. [...]

Technology R&D

Several R&D programs aimed at the development of technologies supporting the design of advanced instruments for Astrophysics are on-going in the Institute. Activities are mainly focused on two main subjects: i) Detectors and Front-End Electronics, ii) High-Reliability Computing Systems. [...]

Astronomical Software

The purpose of the Astronomical Software Group is to provide the astronomical community with software packages useful for data reduction and analysis, with particular emphasis towards applications connected with Multi-Object Spectrographs, and databases/catalogs handling for large Observational Cosmology surveys. The Astronomical Software Group activities are strictly connected with the Observational Cosmology group ones. [...]

LBT Spectroscopic Reduction Center

The LBT Spectroscopic Reduction Center provides the Italian community with a service of data reduction obtained with the LBT instruments MODS and LUCI [...]

Major missions


AGILE (Astrorivelatore Gamma ad Immagini LEggero) is the Italian satellite dedicated to high-energy astrophysics, launched on April 23, 2007. Its goal is the study in the γ-ray (30 MeV - 50 GeV) and hard X-ray (20-60 keV) bands of AGNs, GRBs, Pulsars, Unidentified gamma-ray Sources, Supernova Remnants, Microquasars, and Galactic and extragalactic diffuse emission. [...]


The Fermi satellite, formerly known as GLAST, is a large NASA mission for γ-ray astronomy, with an important Italian participation. The mission has been launched in June 2008. IASF Milano is part of the collaboration responsible of the LAT (Large Area Telescope). Since Aug. 2008 Fermi satellite has been operating in scanning mode, covering the entire sky every two orbits, i.e. about every 3 hours. [...]


The International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL) is an ESA satellite, in operations since 2002, to study celestial sources with high-resolution spectroscopy and fine imaging in the hard X-ray and soft gamma-ray energy ranges. [...]


XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme and represents the major European contribution to the X-ray astronomy [...]


Designed to study Gamma-Ray Bursts from their onset to late times thanks to unprecedented, autonomous repointing capabilities, the Swift observatory proved to be an invaluable tool for multiwavelength investigations of any sort of high energy sources. [...]


Euclid: a space mission to map the Dark Universe. Euclid is an ESA medium class mission selected for launch in 2019 in the Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme. The main goal of Euclid is to understand the origin of the accelerating expansion of the Universe. Within the Euclid Consortium, IASF Milano is in charge of the pipeline for the reduction of Euclid spectroscopic observations, and of the Scientific Performace Evaluation for the Near Infrared Spectroscopic channel. Several people from IASF participate to the different Euclid Consortium Science Working Group activities. [...]


MOONS: MultiObject Optical Near infrared Spectrograph for the VLT. MOONS is a fibre-fed, multi-object spectrograph proposed as a new generation instrument for the VLT. [...]


REM (Rapid Eye Mount) is a 60 cm diameter fast reacting telescope located in the La Silla premises of ESO and is operated for INAF by the REM Team, a delocalized group of people. [...]

Solar Orbiter

Solar Orbiter is one of the Medium-class missions selected for launch by ESA in the framework of the Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program, aimed to study the Sun and the inner heliosphere. The payload will include scientific instrumentation designed to identify the origins and causes of the solar wind, the solar energetic particles, the transient interplanetary disturbances, and the heliospheric and Sun's magnetic field. [...]


ASTRI ("Astrofisica con Specchi a Tecnologia Replicante Italiana") is a flagship project of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research strictly linked to the development of the ambitious Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). [...]


The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is a next-generation observatory, for very high-energy γ rays. The CTA project aims at a sensitivity about an order of magnitude better than that of existing installations while covering an energy range of about four decades, from a few tens of GeV to above 100 TeV. [...]

A comprehensive list of all missions and activities with major or minor participation is available in a separate page



Video available of the meeting in remembrance of Nanni Bignami

Next Astro-Siesta

2017 October 12th, h14:00
SPEAKER: Nicola La Palombara
TITLE: Palmira, la Sposa del deserto

Job announcements

Validazione di pipeline spettroscopiche- Progetto EUCLID (20-Sep-17)
Osservazioni con LBT (20-Sep-17)
Simulazione e analisi dati dell’ASTRI Data Challenge (31-Aug-17)
Modellizzazione del cielo a energie TeV (31-Aug-17)